Tachinid (Diptera: Tachinidae) Parasitoids of Overwintered Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) Pupae in Hazelnut Plantations in Samsun Province, Turkey

Authors

  • Gregory Thomas Sullivan Ondokuz Mayis University
  • Ismail Karaca Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection
  • Sebahat K. Ozman-Sullivan Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection
  • Kenan Kara Gazi Osman Pasa University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection

Keywords:

Hyphantria cunea, Tachinidae, biological control, parasitoid, hazelnut

Abstract

The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae), is an exotic, defoliating larval pest in Europe and Asia. More than 4,000 overwintered pupae of H. cunea were collected from hazelnut plantations in Samsun province, Turkey in 2008 and 2009. Two tachinid species, Compsilura concinnata and Nemoraea pellucida, were reared in both 2008 and 2009. Species richness at sites ranged from 1 to 2 species. Parasitism was 2.4 times higher in 2009 than in 2008. The highest total parasitism for any site was 23.6% in 2009. Nemoraea pellucida parasitised 2.4% of all pupae collected, was responsible for 94.6% of all tachinid parasitism, and had the highest parasitism rate of 19.4% for any site. Compsilura concinnata parasitised 0.14% of all pupae and was responsible for 5.4% of tachinid parasitism.

Author Biographies

Gregory Thomas Sullivan, Ondokuz Mayis University

Plant Protection

Ismail Karaca, Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection

Plant Protection

Sebahat K. Ozman-Sullivan, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection

Plant Protection

Kenan Kara, Gazi Osman Pasa University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection

Plant Protection

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Published

2012-03-16

How to Cite

Sullivan, G. T., Karaca, I., Ozman-Sullivan, S. K., & Kara, K. (2012). Tachinid (Diptera: Tachinidae) Parasitoids of Overwintered Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) Pupae in Hazelnut Plantations in Samsun Province, Turkey. Journal of the Entomological Research Society, 14(1), 21–30. Retrieved from https://www.entomol.org/journal/index.php/JERS/article/view/333

Issue

Section

Journal of the Entomological Research Society