DNA Barcoding Data of Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphidomorpha) in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) with New Host Plant Records in Turkey
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is an important oilseed plant that is grown as vegetable oil source in the world and in Turkey due to its use as a quality edible oil and biodiesel raw material obtained from its seeds. In Ankara and Eskişehir Provinces, in areas where are safflower dense plantations, aphids were sampled from the leaves, stems and roots of each plant observed once or twice a week between May-June and September-October in 2015-2017.
As a result of the study, it was determined that there are infested with harmful aphids in safflower plantations areas. Eight aphid species were identified morphologically; Aphis craccivora, A. fabae, Brachycaudus (Prunaphis) cardui, B. helichrysi, Myzus persicae, Uroleucon aeneum, U. carthami and U. jaceae. Brachycaudus (P.) cardui and Uroleucon aeneum were recorded on safflower for the first time. In addition, DNA barcoding of safflower associated aphids were performed for confirming the identification of aphids and COI sequences for the pest aphids were uploaded to the BOLD database. Identification key to Carthamus tinctorium-feeding aphids in Turkey based on apterous viviparous females is provided.
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