Efficacy of Food Attractants and Attract-and-Kill System to Control Dacus ciliatus (Loew) (Tephritidae: Diptera): New Recorded Pest in Northern Tunisia
Some morphological features of Dacus ciliatus (Loew) reported for the first time in Tunisia were studied herein. Also during this study, the efficacy of food attractants and attract-and-kill devices were tested against D. ciliatus. To do so, McPhail® traps baited with diammonium phosphate (DAP©) and protein hydrolysate (Ceratrap©), already known as food attractants for fruit flies, were compared in zucchini and cucumber crops. A novel attract and kill system (Ceranock© female and male) was also applied in the two cited crops. Moreover, our data highlighted the usefulness of DAP© as effective food attractant with a high number of trapped adults compared to Ceratrap© baited traps. Few adults were recorded by Ceratrap© only in Zucchini treated crop 1 (0.42±0.49 and 0.28±0.69 respectively for males and females) compared to the other surveyed crops. Attract and kill system achieved good control of the pest by decreasing the number of captured flies in treated crops compared to the untreated crops. The use of attract and kill system showed promising results and can successfully be used to manage the lesser pumpkin fly in Tunisian cucurbit crops.