Natural Enemies of Ceroplastes Species (Homoptera: Coccidae), Their Efficiency and Population Movement in Citrus Orchards in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey

  • Sevcan ÖZTEMİZ
  • Mehmet KARACAOĞLU
  • Ferda YARPUZLU
Keywords: Citrus, Floridae wax scale, natural enemies, parasitation rate, population movement

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine natural enemies of Ceroplastes species, their efficiency and population movement due to increasing in population of the Floridae wax scale (Homoptera: Coccidae) in citrus orchards in the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey, recently. Survey was carried out in citrus orchards and non-cultivated areas in the provinces of (Adana, Mersin, Osmaniye and Hatay) the Eastern Mediterranean region according to the systematic sampling method, in terms of 0.01 % in totally numbers of tree. Moreover, natural enemies of the pest and population movement were determined in three citrus orchards infected with Ceroplastes spp. Sampling of each orchard was made in 10 citrus trees with 5 shoots and 20 leaves in different directions of each tree in every forthnight from April to October. The natural enemies were determined as Scutellista sp. (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), Aprostocetus toddaliae (Risbec) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), Microterys neitneri (Motschulsky) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), Chyrsoperla carnea (Steph.), Conwentzia sp. (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), Paraseiulus soleiger (Ribaga) (Acarina: Phytoseiidae), Scymnus rubromaculatus (Goeze), Coccinella spp., Rodolia cardinalis (Muls) and Stethorus sp. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) species. The highest parasitation rate was found in the third stage larvae followed by the second stage larvae and mature female individuals, respectively. The parasitation rate was 1-10 % in citrus orchards, 20-30 % on hosts (laurel) around the orchards.
Published
2008-11-19
How to Cite
ÖZTEMİZ, S., KARACAOĞLU, M., & YARPUZLU, F. (2008). Natural Enemies of Ceroplastes Species (Homoptera: Coccidae), Their Efficiency and Population Movement in Citrus Orchards in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Journal of the Entomological Research Society, 10(3), 35-46. Retrieved from http://www.entomol.org/journal/index.php/JERS/article/view/66
Section
Journal of the Entomological Research Society