Parasitoids of Cynaeda gigantea (Wocke, 1871) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), a Pest of Anchusa leptophylla Roemer and Schultes (Boraginaceae) from the East Anatolia Region of Turkey
Larvae and pupae of the lepidopteran pest Cynaeda gigantea (Wocke, 1871) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) were collected from Anchusa leptophylla Roemer and Schultes (Boraginaceae) in the Erzincan and Kars provinces of Turkey during 2007-2008. Three parasitoid species, Exeristes roborator (Fabricius, 1793) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), Pseudoperichaeta palesoidea (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) (Diptera: Tachinidae), and Elasmus steffani Viggiani, 1967 (Hymenoptera: Elasmidae) were obtained from larvae and pupae in the cocoon (gall) made by C. gigantea. E. roborator was the most numerous parasitoid and accounted for 6.22% of all parasitoids reared. C. gigantea is a new host for these parasitoid species.
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