Population Density and Spatial Distribution Patterns of Tetranychusurticae (Acari, Tetranychidae) and its Predator Stethorus gilvifrons(Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on Different Agricultural Crops

  • Fariba MEHRKHOU
  • Yaghoub FATHIPOUR
  • Ali Asghar TALEBI
  • Karim KAMALI
  • Bahram NASERI
Keywords: etranychus urticae, Stethorus gilvifrons, population density, spatial distribution, beanvarieties, cucumber

Abstract

Population density and spatial distribution pattern of Tetranychus urticae Koch and its predatorStethorus gilvifrons Mulsant on different agricultural crops including cucumber (var. Superdaminus) andfive bean varieties including Phaseulus vulgaris var. Talash, P. lunatus var. Sadaf, P. calcaratus var. Goli,P. calcaratus var. Sun-ray and Vigna sinensis var. Parastoo were determined in the Tehran area, Iran,during 2005. The mean population density of the adults and total life stages of T. urticae on cucumber(150.71 mites per leaf) was significantly more than bean crops. Among bean varieties, the higher andlower density of the pest population was observed on Sun-ray (59.37 mites per leaf) and Parastoo (4.73mites per leaf), respectively. Spatial distribution pattern of T. urticae was determined on different cropsusing Morisita’s index and Taylor’s power law regression method and spatial distribution of S. gilvifronswas measured using variance to mean ratio. The slope of Taylor’s regression for T. urticae was 1.60, 1.89,2.05 and 1.35 on Talash, Goli, Sadaf and Sun-ray, respectively. Morisita’s index for T. urticae wassignificantly greater than one for all crops (Iä>1). The variance to mean ratio for S. gilvifrons wascalculated 1.64, 1.90 1.32 and 11.54, on Talash, Sun-ray, Parastoo and cucumber, respectively. Theresults indicated that the spatial distribution pattern of T. urticae was aggregated and this pattern for S.gilvifrons in most cases was aggregated and in a few cases was random. Linear regression between densityof T. urticae (independent variable) and density of S. gilvifrons (dependent variable) was used fordetermining the reaction of S. gilvifrons to the population density of T. urticae. The reaction of S.gilvifrons to density of T. urticae on Sun-ray variety was density independent and on other crops wasdensity dependent. It could be concluded that different crops can influence the population density of T.urticae and spatial distribution pattern of S. gilvifrons. Spatial distribution parameters can be used topromote sampling programs and exact estimation of the population density of an organism.
Published
2008-07-23
How to Cite
MEHRKHOU, F., FATHIPOUR, Y., TALEBI, A., KAMALI, K., & NASERI, B. (2008). Population Density and Spatial Distribution Patterns of Tetranychusurticae (Acari, Tetranychidae) and its Predator Stethorus gilvifrons(Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on Different Agricultural Crops. Journal of the Entomological Research Society, 10(2), 23-36. Retrieved from http://www.entomol.org/journal/index.php/JERS/article/view/28
Section
Journal of the Entomological Research Society