A Bioinformatics Study to Detect the Genetic Characteristics of Vespa Hornets (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
Hornets especially from genus Vespa can attack honey bee colonies, causing economic damages to beekeeping. Also, these hornets can cause damages to some crops. Basically, Vespa hornets occur in different parts of the world including Asia, North Africa, and Europe. Recently, the hornet, Vespa velutina, has invaded Europe and considered as a serious pest to beekeeping. This study aimed to investigate the genetic similarities between five Vespa hornets: V. orientalis, V. ducalis, V. mandarinia, V. affinis, and V. velutina depending on analyzing the sequences of mtDNA utilizing bioinformatics. The phylogenetic relationships, segments from the enzymatic digestion, open reading frames, and number of shared gene cluster families were investigated to detect the genetic similarities. Also, specific primers to discriminate between these hornets were designed and tested in silico. The potential infection of these hornets with similar pathogens was emphasized in light of the obtained results.
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