BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF DIPTERA CALLIPHORIDAE: A REVIEW
The Calliphoridae family (order: Diptera), also known as blowflies, has a holometabolous cycle which spans across three larval instars. During development, they appear vermiform and exhibit necrophagous habits. It has been suggested that these organisms are responsible for the development of myiasis and transmission of pathogens to humans and animals. Biological control refers to the regulation of the number of pests by their respective natural enemies. It is an event that occurs naturally in the environment or due to mass creation and subsequent release of the controller in the laboratory. The objective of this review was to study the main biological controllers of the Calliphoridae family through a bibliographical survey of the last 10 years (2007-2017). The use of biological controllers avoids damages to the environment. One form of biological control of blowflies is to use plant extracts, which provides a great diversity of sustainable species to choose from. Additionally, it poses no harm to human health. Parasitoids, predators, bacteria and entomopathogenic fungi have also been tested. Though the results are promising, further studies are necessary before implementation in the society.
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