Change Phenotypic Traits in Ground Beetles (Carabidae) Reflects Biotope Disturbance in Central Europe

  • Vladimír Langraf
  • Kornélia Petrovičová
  • Stanislav David
  • Monika Kanská
  • Janka Nozdrovická
  • Janka Schlarmannová
Keywords: Bioindication, ellipsoid biovolume, flight ability, Carabidae, Slovakia

Abstract

 A trend of morphometric characteristic bioindication use and flight ability of the Carabidae is their valuation in relation to land use intensity. There are biotopes that are less disturbed, characterized by the presence of individuals that have a higher body average volume value, the so-called ellipsoid biovolume (EV), more than the presence of apterous and brachpterous species. We undertook a bioindication valuation in 7 types of biotopes in the Juhoslovenská kotlina basin and the Veporské vrchy Mts. In 2015- 2016, we recorded 3605 individuals (1682 ♂♂, 1923 ♀♀) belonging to 54 species. Biotope heterogeneity and natural conditions are very important for locality selection. We tested 3 hypotheses: 1) the average body size value (EV) of ground beetles decreases with the increasing intensity of biotopes disturbance. 2) a higher number of apterous and brachpterous species appears in stable biotopes and continuous forest cover in the country, 3) the macropterous species predominates in unstable biotopes and isolated forest cover. We confirmed different EV and disturbed intensity by the level of significance pα=0,05. The apterous and brachpterous species dominated in undisturbed and stable biotopes. The macropterous species dominated in disturbed biotopes.

Author Biographies

Vladimír Langraf

 

 Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, Nitra, SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Kornélia Petrovičová

Department of Environment and Zoology, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Stanislav David

Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, Nitra, SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Monika Kanská

Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, Nitra, SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Janka Nozdrovická

Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, Nitra, SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Janka Schlarmannová
Department of Zoology and Anthropology, Faculty of Natural Sciences Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, Nitra, SLOVAK REPUBLIC 

 

Published
2018-07-23
How to Cite
Langraf, V., Petrovičová, K., David, S., Kanská, M., Nozdrovická, J., & Schlarmannová, J. (2018). Change Phenotypic Traits in Ground Beetles (Carabidae) Reflects Biotope Disturbance in Central Europe. Journal of the Entomological Research Society, 20(2), 119-129. Retrieved from http://www.entomol.org/journal/index.php/JERS/article/view/1380
Section
Journal of the Entomological Research Society